Submit this form
Home News Videos Music Pictures Facebook Twitter Friends Newsletter Podcasts Mobile RSS
Efforts to thwart rebels in eastern DR Congo a mixed bag, says Ban Ki-moon

Previous article | Next

UN News - December 8, 2009

Ban Ki-moon

Progress in bringing stability to the war-wracked east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is mixed, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon says in a new report, noting the heavy humanitarian toll wrought by a military operation to flush out a notorious ethnic Hutu militia.

“The continued improvement in the relations between the country and its neighbours is to be commended, and I encourage the Governments of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda and Uganda to continue on this rights path,” Mr. Ban wrote in the publication made public today.

The DRC and Rwanda’s joint operation against the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR), which has committed atrocities against civilians in eastern DRC, has achieved military gains, but “it was accompanied by a high humanitarian cost,” he said.

In response to the Congolese-Rwandan actions, supported by the UN peacekeeping mission in the DRC (MONUC), the rebels carried out reprisal attacks against the population more brutally in areas where they had lost business partners.

“FDLR also continued to resort to banditry, kidnapping and hit-and-run attacks, often looking for food and medicine,” the report noted.

The Congolese armed forces (FARDC) have also committed human rights violations, including massacres, the Secretary-General said. In light of such “egregious” violations, some rights organizations and components of the UN system have called for an end to the operation.

The UN Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial executions Philip Alston, who visited the DRC in October, labelled the joint military operations as “catastrophic.”

MONUC, for its part, has continued to press the Government to take action against impunity in the military and provide rations and assistance to troops to prevent them from living off of the population, Mr. Ban’s new report said.

Over 1.25 million people have been uprooted or re-displaced by violence in North and South Kivu provinces, and the volatile security situation has hampered aid agencies’ efforts to provide assistance.

MONUC supported the operation by providing logistical support, including helicopter lifts, medical evacuation, fuel and rations. It also provided firepower support to the Congolese armed forces, known as FARDC, making its support critical in keeping the FDLR from reclaiming some areas previously under its control.

“It is essential that urgent steps be taken to improve the protection of civilians, which, while it is the first priority of MONUC, is first and foremost the primary responsibility” of the DRC’s Government, the Secretary-General stressed.

The UN mission was set up in 2000 to help restore peace after years of civil war, and has helped the DRC achieve major milestones in the past decade, peace agreements and the country’s first free and fair elections in 40 years. With the exception of the country’s east, the DRC “is now largely a country at peace and is ready, almost 50 years after its independence, to embark on the next critical reconstruction and rebuilding phase.”

Therefore, MONUC and the UN will begin talks with the Government next year on the mission’s future in a bid to reach agreement on tasks that must be accomplished before it can begin a withdrawal.


Related articles


  1. Southern African Leaders to Meet in Zimbabwe (August 15, 2014)
  2. Senior UN officials urge Brazzaville to halt expulsion of DR Congo nationals (May 26, 2014)
  3. Kerry Calls on Kabila to Honor Constitution (May 4, 2014)
  4. Security Council extends UN mission, intervention force in DR Congo for one year (March 28, 2014)
  5. New DR Congo amnesty law welcomed by UN envoys (February 5, 2014)
  6. Colonel Mamadou Ndala Is Killed in Ambush (January 2, 2014)
  7. No 'Peace Deal' With Defeated M23 Rebels, DR Congo Says (November 11, 2013)
  8. Congo Will Not Sign a 'Peace Deal' With Defeated M23 Rebels, Government Says (November 6, 2013)
  9. Congo Army Takes Control of Mbuzi Hill From M23 Rebels (November 4, 2013)
  10. Kabila Congratulates Congo Army for Defeating M23 Rebels (October 30, 2013)
  11. Advancing Congo Troops Take Control of Rumangabo From M23 Rebels (October 28, 2013)
  12. Congo Army Liberates Rutshuru, Kiwanja and Kibumba From M23 Rebels (October 27, 2013)
  13. Congo Army Dislodges M23 Rebels From Strategic Town of Kibumba (October 26, 2013)
  14. Rwandan Support for M23 Rebels Frustrates Attempts to End Fighting in Eastern Congo (September 26, 2013)
  15. Ban Ki-moon Confirms M23 Rebels Shelled Rwanda (August 31, 2013)
  16. DR Congo Will Defend Itself Against an Attack by Rwanda, Government Says (August 31, 2013)
  17. M23 Rebels Fired Shells Into Rwanda, Not Congo Army, UN Says (August 30, 2013)
  18. Mortar Shells From Rwanda Kill Civilians in Eastern Congo (August 23, 2013)
  19. Dozens of M23 Rebels Killed by Congo Army in Renewed Fighting (August 22, 2013)
  20. UN Peacekeepers Start Enforcing Security Zone in Eastern Congo (August 1, 2013)
  21. UN Security Council debate focuses on peace efforts for Africa's Great Lakes region (July 25, 2013)
  22. M23 Rebels Said to Flee Rumangabo After Congo Army Airstrikes (July 25, 2013)
  23. Congo Army Strikes M23 Rebels Base At Rumangabo (July 24, 2013)
  24. M23 Rebels Kill, Rape Civilians in Eastern Congo: Human Rights Watch (July 22, 2013)
  25. M23 Rebels in Disarray in Eastern Congo, Says Government Spokesman (July 19, 2013)
  26. 120 M23 Rebels Killed in East, Government Says (July 15, 2013)
  27. UN Security Council approves intervention force to target armed groups in DR Congo (March 28, 2013)
  28. Regional Leaders Sign DR Congo Peace Deal (February 24, 2013)
  29. U.S. Sanctions M23 Rebel Leaders (December 18, 2012)
  30. UN Security Council Condemns Latest M23 Attacks, Extends Sanctions on Rebels (November 28, 2012)


Live TV Congo Radio en ligne Radio
 


Make Congo Planet Your Home Page | Facebook | Twitter | Contact Us | About Us | Version en Francais | French Edition

© 2014 CongoPlanet.com. All rights reserved.