EurAc continues to believe that the result of the Goma Conference, with its signature on 23 January 2008 by all the Congolese protagonists of declarations of commitment to peace in North and South Kivu still offers a way out of the crisis. Together with the Nairobi Accord of 9 November 2007 between Rwanda and the Congo, which agreed on a common approach to the threat to stability and security in the region caused by the FDLR and the Interahamwe, the Goma Accords seemed to be a vital element of a single peace process.
However, the fighting has never stopped. Two years after the elections and eight months after the signature of the Goma Accord, the militias continue to recruit, even children. A good number of the signatories of the Goma Accords are fighting each other, looting and raping.
With the situation on the ground deteriorating, the Goma and Nairobi Accords are under huge pressure which risks destroying the window of opportunity and with it the entire peace process.
Therefore the members of EurAc are launching an appeal to the international community, and in particular to member states of the European Union which are also members of the UN Security Council to:
1) Preserve the arrangements made at Goma and Nairobi because there are no credible alternatives for solving the conflicts in the region
In this context, EurAc calls on member states of the European Union which are also members of the UN Security Council to:
b) put strong pressure (including through dissuasion by force) on the signatories of the Goma and Nairobi Accords, and to help put their commitments into action.
c) put strong pressure on Rwanda to prevent any support for Nkunda from within its territory.
d) release and make available the funds committed for putting the Amani Programme into action
e) support civil society in explaining the Amani process among the people of Congo.
EurAc considers MONUC is still an important actor on the ground and that it will have, at least in the short term, an indispensable role to play in protecting the peace and democratisation process. Therefore, EurAc urges member states of the European Union which are also members of the UN Security Council to clear away the political barriers which are preventing Monuc from fully carrying out its mandate as defined in Chapter VII, against those groups that fail to respect the Goma and Nairobi Accords and to proceed with disarming them, voluntarily or by force, in collaboration with the FARDC.
This mandate allows Monuc to protect the population and gives it the right to impose peace e.g. by disarming militias. Monuc has not done this except for a very short time in Ituri, after the killing of nine Bangladeshi blue helmets in February 2005.
If Monuc wants to play its role in a credible way, it should:
b) invest in a much clearer and more effective method of making its mandate, its objectives, its working methods and its actions better known ;
c) deploy only better trained, better orientated and better equipped forces. The fact that some UN soldiers come from countries where the army has a problematic role in the process of democratisation reduces Monuc's's credibility;
d) show zero tolerance to all bad behaviour on the part of UN personnel, especially regarding sexual exploitation and looting of natural resources, and enforce the Code of Conduct strictly.
EurAc considers the RSS to be the key element in the rehabilitation of the Congolese state and its means to restore the state of law. EurAc calls on member states of the European Union which are also members of the UN Security Council to:
b) increase efforts to set up a credible police force and to rehabilitate the Congolese justice system.
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